Gautier, Théophile


Gautier, Théophile
(1811-1872)
   writer
   Born in Tarbes, Théophile Gautier early in his life was drawn to painting, but opting instead for literature, he became one of the strongest defenders of victor hugo during the literary debate over Her-nani (1830). However, in his long and imaginative descriptive poem, Albertus (1832), and Les Jeunes-France (1833), a collection of ironic stories, Gau-tier's independence from the romantics is clear. The "Preface" to his novel, Madamoiselle de Maupin (1835-36), expresses his exaltation of pure beauty: "All which is useful is ugly." He sought inspiration in place (chronicles of his journeys to the orient and to Spain) and in time: in a literary essay, Les Grotesques, he praises the age of louis x III, which, in turn, inspired his novel Le Capitaine Fracasse (1863). With Arria Marcella (1852), he evoked ancient Pompeii, in Roman de la momie (1858) ancient Egypt, and finally with Le Spirite (1866), he brings his ideal to the plain of the supernatural. Persuaded that art is an end in itself, and that his only chance for fame was technical perfection (L'Art, 1857), he constantly worked on his poems, like Ribeira (Espana, 1845), or musical variations, like numerous works of Émaux et Camées (1852). The precursor and master of Parnassian poetry, Théophile Gautier, who was the father of the writer judith gautier, was hailed by charles baudelaire (dedication to Fleurs du mal) as the "impeccable poet" and the "perfect magician of French letters."

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gautier, Théophile — Gau·tier (gō tyāʹ), Théophile. 1811 1872. French writer who influenced French literature during its shift from romanticism to aestheticism and naturalism. His works include Young France (1833) and Enamels and Cameos (1852). * * * born Aug. 31,… …   Universalium

  • GAUTIER, THÉOPHILE —    a distinguished French poet, novelist, and critic, born at Tarbes; began life as a painter, but turning to literature soon attracted the attention of Sainte Beuve by some studies in the old French authors; by and by he came under the influence …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gautier, Théophile — ► (1811 72) Poeta, novelista y crítico francés. Pertenece a la segunda generación de escritores románticos. Su mejor obra poética es Esmaltes y camafeos. De su obra en prosa destacan las novelas La señorita de Maupin, 1835 y La novela de la momia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theophile Gautier — Théophile Gautier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gautier. Théophile Gautier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gautier — Gautier, León Gautier, Théophile …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gautier — (Théophile) (1811 1872) écrivain français. Après des poèmes romantiques, émaux et Camées (1852) illustre sa théorie de l art pour l art . Romans: Mademoiselle de Maupin (1835), le Capitaine Fracasse (1863) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Théophile Gautier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gautier. Théophile Gautier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Théophile Gautier — Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier famoso poeta, dramaturgo, novelista, periodista, crítico literario y fotógrafo francés, nacido el 30 de agosto de 1811[1] [2] y muerto el 23 de octubre de 1872. Pese a ser un ardiente defensor del Romanticismo, su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Theophile Gautier — Théophil Gautier 1856, Aufnahme Nadar Théophile Gautier (* 31. August 1811 in Tarbes, Département Hautes Pyrénées; † 23. Oktober 1872 in Neuilly sur Seine bei Paris) war ein französischer Schrif …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Théophile Gautier — 1856, Aufnahme Nadar Théophile Gautier (* 30. August 1811 in Tarbes, Département Hautes Pyrénées; † 23. Oktober 1872 in Neuilly sur Seine bei Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.